Caryophyllene was one of the first cannabis-derived compounds, and still one of the few terpenes, to be shown to interact with endocannabinoid receptors directly.

Caryophyllene is one of around 20000 terpenes that Earth's flora produces, and one of about 400 produced by cannabis. Research has shown that it has the ability to bind with the CB2 receptor, which is very rare for a terpene. Recognised for its anti-inflammatory purposes, caryophyllene is often present in cannabis strains that have been cultivated to offer relief from inflammation, pain, and gastrointestinal problems. 


What therapeutic benefits does caryophyllene offer medical cannabis patients?


Besides contributing to the entourage effect, caryophyllene has been shown to have potential therapeutic benefits all by itself. It has anti-inflammatory properties and may help reduce pain, making it beneficial for patients suffering from chronic conditions such as arthritis or fibromyalgia.


What are terpenes?


Terpenes are the compounds responsible for the aromatic qualities of not just cannabis, but also most other plants. They are found in the essential oils of these plants and provide unique scents and flavours.

But they do more than just affect the sensory experience of cannabis. Terpenes have been found to interact with cannabinoids, which may contribute to a particular strain or product's overall effects.


How do terpenes affect the medical cannabis experience?


Terpenes have been found to have a significant impact on the overall experience of using medical cannabis. Studies have shown that terpenes can help improve the absorption of cannabinoids, allowing for more efficient and effective use.

They can also produce a range of therapeutic effects on their own, including reducing stress and anxiety, improving mood, and promoting relaxation.


Is CBD a terpene?


No, cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabinoid. Cannabinoids and terpenes work hand-in-hand therapeutically, but they are not from the same group of compounds.


Where can I find information about specific terpenes and their effects?


Check out our education section. We have more than 300 articles covering everything patients might want to know about medical cannabis.

To find out more about caryophyllene, click here

If you would like to learn more about medical cannabis in the UK, Releaf is here to help.